Gender Pay Gap
The issue of discrimination based on gender when determining the amount of salary or wages can earn has remained a thorn in the flesh in many economies. In fact in some countries the women are regarded lesser beings and therefore seriously discriminated against when deciding how much they can earn. In many people's opinion, the issue is no longer women's issue but rather a societal issue that many governments strive to eliminate. The reason why women should really be discriminated against when they can equitably do their best in their areas of specialization is a question that remains unanswered among many nations.
The position of men on this matter should not be that of standing aloof and watch while themselves they have at least a mother, a sister, wives or even a daughter. How would one actually expect these groups of people to be rewarded for their own efforts? And of course if it is a matter of lower pay for women, what is the rationale for determining how low the pay is? The comparison is essentially based on what their male counterparts earn. It is therefore an apparent situation.
According to the one of the latest census report of 2012, it is reported that the earning for the women who worked full time in 2010 throughout the year was actually a mere seventy-seven percent of what the male counterparts were earning during that time. Why the disparity? This gap can be attributed to the differences that were found to exist between the number of working hours for the men and the women.
The choices for the occupation are also seen to be a probable factor that may lead to such discrepancies. Actually, men over the past years have been associated with careers that attract higher pays compared to those chosen by their female counterparts. For example, in the ancient days, occupations such as engineering, medicine, architecture among other technical careers were seen as areas where women could not fit. However, the mind-set or gender stereotype has been challenged over the years through programs that advocate for the empowerment of the women all over world, in other words the affirmative action.
It has however been reported that even after women have come out strong enough to face-up with their male counterparts in these lucrative arenas, the situation still remains almost the same. For example the female physicians are reported to be earning less than what the males earn (Blow, 2014). Not unless the attitude towards the women is changed, the women may still lag behind in their levels of earning compared to the men causing serious gender gap.